“Why do you want to leave your current job?” It has become a common question on viva board. Not only that, freshers’ also have a lot of questions- “Why are job openings offered for experienced only? Why experience is sought everywhere? If freshers don’t get the chance, how will the experience come? There are always many such questions to be faced in the textile-apparel job market. This article tries to answer all these questions as much as possible to give an outlook about this complex phenomenon.
Why do freshers change job so frequently?
Job switching for freshers comes with a lot of reason. Some of these are-
Low Salary: In student life students hear a lot of myths and fabricated concepts about jobs in the textile and apparel market- big salaries, huge opportunities etc. But when they come to real life, they find no match immediately. So, they tend to switch jobs in the hope of a higher salary and better opportunity.
- Career Planning: Textile and apparel is one of the most complex manufacturing and retail chain; and every individual area (spinning, fabrics, wet processing, garments) has different demands. For a fresher it is very important to decide in which area ho or she wants to build up his/her career. But many freshers join the job without knowing about the work section. This is why they think that the workload in this section is higher than other departments. For this reason, they want to change their job.
Satisfaction: Many people cannot love their job properly. They are not satisfied with their own work. It happens when they find their passion is something else. That is why they change their job.
- Location: Location is another reason for changing jobs. Some wants to work in metropolitan cities, some wants to stay near their home.
- Working hours: Long working hour is a major problem in textile jobs. Some departments demand 14 hours shifting which is very difficult. So many people get frustrated and looks for better work hours and environments.
Why do employers look for experienced people and don’t want to hire freshers?
Textile and apparel industries operate with a very marginal profit range compared to corporate companies and business mostly depends on volume of work. This volume of work translates into great work pressure of the employees. So, managers eye for better outputs even from the freshers. On the contrary, due to sub-standard curriculum and back dated education system the fresh graduates from the different institutes in Bangladesh do not possess the mixture of skills and knowledge that the managers search in them from the very first day at the office. Because every man-hour is important in this business. Freshers, thus are salaried less than the market standard up to a point where they learn the necessary skills and start contributing to the company.
Are freshers really not getting job?
Many of us are sitting with the misconception that freshers don’t get job. If we think about it logically see that-
The literacy rate of Bangladesh is 74.70% and about 7 lakh graduates enter the job market every year, of which 2-3 thousand graduates get government job and others try private job where a large number of graduates enter the textile industry. If freshers did not have jobs, there would be about 6 lakh 97 thousand graduates unemployed every year. But the graduate unemployment rate of Bangladesh is 38.6%. That’s means freshers also get job.
Freshers struggle in the job market for lack of skills:
The university graduates struggle in the job market for lack of skills. They have just acquired knowledge of the book, they have no idea about the outside world. The institutions also don’t pay much attention to developing their knowledge, competency, technical knowledge, professional and communication skills. These days most of the jobs need basic English writing as well as verbal communication skills but most of the students do not focus on their communication all through. Freshers do not practice giving most interviews and are not well prepared to face a real interview that’s why they lose confidence in front of the interview panel. If they had already practiced these skills, they would not have had to struggle so much in the job market.
How will Bangladesh overcome these problems?
84% of Bangladesh’s export earning come from the garments industry. In order to take this industry further, we need to get out of these problems as soon as possible. Both employers and job seekers must come forward and try to create a win-win situation for all. First and foremost, quality of education must be improved so that the graduates come with basic job-ready skills that the industry require. Comprehensive industry internship and soft skill training programs must be accelerated to bridge the gap between industry and academia. The textile, apparel and the allied industry has ample opportunities for the young generation to capitalize on. They are the future of this industry. So, any misconception, miscommunication and disputes must be solved concurrently to ensure a smooth developing environment of the sector and also the wellbeing of the people related to the sector.