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Let’s Talk About Fabric Patterns

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screenshot-28Farzana Alam Piya

Patterns, a commonly used & heard term in textile world, can alone & undoubtedly convert any regular fabric into a unique one. Patterns are a repeating of an element or a motif which is used to create an exclusive decoration on fabrics. They are created keeping in mind style specifications, current trends, motifs, diagrams, colors as well as the ethical, cultural & technical considerations and it is an innovative & creative journey for the fabric designers & the textile engineers.

Classification:    Mainly Patterns are of 3 types – Geometric Pattern, Organic Pattern and Abstract Pattern. But there are dozens of specific pattern types, within these categories, even some patterns cross lines & fall into more than one type of pattern.

Geometric Pattern:  Patterns which include geometric shapes & plaids are known as Geometric Patterns. There are multiple variations of geometric patterns such as – Coin Dot Pattern, Diagonal Pattern, Diamond Pattern, Strip Pattern, Graph Check Pattern, Bird’s Eye Pattern, Brick Pattern, Argyle Pattern, Fret Pattern, Windowpane Check Pattern etc. This type of pattern is popular to everyone. This type of pattern is used in male clothing (shirt, t-shirt, polo-shirt, trouser, shorts, blazers etc.), female clothing (shirt, t-shirt, skirt, trousers, blazers, etc.), home textile (bedsheet, curtain, rag, etc.), bag, etc.screenshot-29

Organic Pattern:  Patterns which are inspired by nature are known as Organic Patterns. Organic Pattern can be divided into 2 categories — Realistic Patterns & Stylized Patterns.

Realistic Pattern:  Organic Patterns which imitate or repeat natural or man-made objects are known as Realistic Patterns. There are multiple variations of Realistic Patterns such as – Floral Pattern, Botanical Pattern, Designer Pattern, Landscape Pattern, etc. This type of pattern is mostly popular to women, and so mostly used in female clothing (shirt, t-shirt, skirt, trousers, blazers, bag, etc.) & home textile (bedsheet, curtain, rag, etc.). But nowadays this type of pattern is also being used in male clothing (shirt, shorts, trousers, etc.)

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Stylized Pattern: Organic Patterns which imitate or repeat simplified variations of natural or man-made objects are known as Stylized Patterns. There are multiple variations of Stylized Patterns such as – Fleur De Lis Patterns, Jacobean Patterns, Nursery Patterns, Palmette Pattern etc. This type of pattern is mostly popular to women, and so mostly used in female clothing (shirt, t-shirt, skirt, trousers, blazers, bag, etc.) & home textile (bedsheet, curtain, rag, etc.). But nowadays this type of pattern is also being used in male clothing (shirt, shorts, trousers, etc.)screenshot-32

Abstract Pattern: Patterns which are created by combining multiple colors, shapes, sizes without any relationship to natural or man-made objects is called abstract pattern. This pattern is mostly colorful and so more popular to the young generation. This type of pattern is mostly used in female clothing (shirt, t-shirt, skirt, trousers, blazers, bag, etc.) & home textile (bedsheet, curtain, rag, etc.). This type of pattern is also used for casual male clothing (shirt, shorts, trousers, etc.screenshot-33